Environmental Challenges in Latin America

Latin America Environmental Challenges

Image result for Latin America Dams

Image result for Latin America DamsImage result for Latin America Dams

 

In class, we read and taught four article on environmental challenges in Latin America. See the Key Terms/Definitions below:

 

Saving Costa Rica’s Rainforest Protecting the Amazon
Conservationist

A person who works to preserve forest and wildlife.

Biodiversity

A large number of wildlife and plants.

Deforestation

The process of cutting and clearing away trees.

ecotourism

Travel to natural places to observe wildlife and learn about the environment.

Slash and Burn

Forests are cleared to plant crops. Farmers slash or cut down trees. Burn fallen trees to clear the land.

Reforestation

The process of planting and restoring forests.

Biofuel

Fuel that comes from plant or animal waste.

Basin

Whole area drained by a river.

Ecosystem

A community of living organisms and their natural environment.

Mercury

A highly toxic element that attaches to tiny gold flakes in the mud and makes the gold easier to collect.

Tributaries

Smaller rivers and streams that flow into a larger river.

Indigenous

A native person living in an area for a long time.

 

Harnessing Water in Brazil Guatemala Adapts to Change
Hydroelectric Power

Electricity produced by moving water.

Reservoir

Artificial lake created behind the dam and stores water until it is needed.

Renewable energy

Energy that is able to be reused. (Example: Water)

Drought

A period of dryness, without rain.

Deforestation

The process of cutting down and completely clearing trees from the land.

Sustainability

Land management that conserves natural resources keeps them balanced. (Example: organic fertilizers instead of chemicals)

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